Saturday, May 05, 2007

Brain MRI findings in mitochondrial cytopathies

Barragan-Campos H et al. Arch Neurol 2005; 62:737-742. 21 patients were described, including 7 with CPEO, 7 with Kearns-Sayre, 6 with mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy, and 1 with myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fiber myopathy. MRi showed widespread white matter hyperintensity in 90 %, supracortical atrophy in 18, cerebellar atrophy in 13 ABSENT BASAL GANGLIA HYPERINTENSITY CORRELATED WITH KEARNS SAYRE AND SUPRATENTORIAL ATROPHY WITH mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy.

Clinical criteria: CPEO-- ext opthalmopledia, proximal myopathy and RRF. KS-- ext opthalmoplegia, heart block, pigmentary retinopathy, cerebellar ataxia, eolevated CSF protein (the latter two were "optional"). MNGIE-- leukoencephalopathy, CPEO, PN, chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction MERRF- myoclonic epilepsy, myoclonic ataxia, dementia, and RRF.

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