Sunday, February 24, 2013

Pearls on carotid cavernous fistulas

from Wijdicks text on acute neurology

1.  Associations--
      remote trauma
      post transsphenoidal surgery
      post ethmoidal surgery
     post carotid surgery
     Ehlers Danlos syndrome

2.  Visual loss is due to increased intraocular pressure or reverse of flow or thrombus in superior opthalmic vein (SOV).  Balloon or coil occlusion has been reported (sometimes) to reverse blindness

3.  On angiography, immediate opacification of carotid sinus is seen after carotid injection.

4.Clinical findings include III n palsy, lid swelling, tortuous veins, dis edema and visual loss.

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