Wednesday, November 18, 2009

Monkeypox virus causing neurologic human infection

Tyler KL. Emerging viral infections of the CNS. Part II. Arch Neurol 2009; 66: 1065-74.
Due to exotic pet (mammal ) trade from Africa including Gambian pouched rats, dormouse, and rope squirrels, spread to prairie dogs in the US to humans.

Most common symptoms, 50 percent or more have rash, fever, chills, adenopathy, myalgias, sweats and cough. Rash follows several days later and typically is maculopapular, proceeding through stages with papules, vesicles, and pustules. The rash is centifugal and involves the hands or feet in 80 %, legs or feet in 65 %, head in 6 %, and resembles chicken pox. Unlike chicken pox (and like syphilis and ricketsial infection) there is lymphadenopathy and involvement of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Diagnosis is with skin biopsy, PCR, and ELISA.

One six year old developed encephalitis. Diagnosis was made by serum IgM and IgG and CSF IgM, with negative PCR.

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